Glossary

Over time the glossary may have changes made- things taken off or added to. We strive to make sure our information that is available to you is updated as the current laws, rights, and medical terms/procedures may change. If you have any questions or concerns please contact us. This glossary, as with the entire website,is specific to Michigan only (Unless noted).

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

  • AAIDD - American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
  • ACB – American Council of the Blind
  • ADD -Attention deficit disorder
  • ADDA – Administration on Development Disabilities
  • AED – Academy for Educational Development
  • AFB – American Foundation for the Blind
  • AFT- American Federation of Teachers
  • AG – Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
  • ALLIANCE - Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers
  • AOTA – American Occupational Therapy Association
  • APTA – American Physical Therapy Association
  • ASDA – American Society of Deaf Children
  • ARC – (formerly Association for Retarded Citizens)
  • ASA – Autism Society of America
  • ASHA – American Speech-Language-Hearing-Association
  • ATA – Alliance for Technology Access

B

  • BIP – Behavior Intervention Plan, a plan to address inappropriate behavior
  • BSP – Behavior Support Plan, a plan to prevent inappropriate behavior by addressing its underlying causes and replacing them with appropriate behaviors

C

  • CAT – Children’s Appreciation Test- projective personality assessment
  • CFR – Code of Federal Regulations, rules that explain and implement Federal statues and have the force of law
  • CI – Cognitive Impairment, disability which may qualify a student for special education services
  • CMH – Community Mental Health, public agency which provides mental health services to eligible children and adults in Michigan

D

  • DB – Deaf-Blind, a disability which may qualify a student for special education services
  • DHS – Dept. of Human Services- state agency which provides social services, child protective services and health care services
  • DOE – Dept. of Education, state agency responsible for implementing Federal and Stage special education laws.

E

  • ECDD – Early Childhood Developmental Delay, a disability which may qualify a young child for special education
  • EI – Emotional Impairment, a disability which may affect educational performance, may qualify a student for special education services
  • ESEA – Elementary and Secondary Education Act, popularly known as “No Child Left Behind Act”
  • ESY – Extended School Year, educational program that extends beyond the regular school year (such as summer school)

F

  • FSIQ – Full Scale IQ (Intelligence Quotient), combined totals of subtest scores, such as Verbal Communication and Perceptual Reasoning
  • FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education, the standard for special education services est by Federal Law which all schools must meet
  • FBA – Functional Behavior Assessment
  • FERPA – Federal Education Rights and Privacy Act, Federal law governing access to school records and privacy protections (Similar to HIPPA)

H

  • HH – Homebound and Hospitalized, educational services to students who can not attend school because of health limitations
  • HI – Hearing Impairment- disability which may affect educational performance. may qualify a student for special education services

I

  • IDEA, IDEA 2004, or IDEIA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. Federal law which requires states to provide special education and related services to students with specified disabilities
  • IEE – Individualized Educatonal Evaluation, evaluation by an expert chosen by a student or parent, sometimes paid for by a school district
  • IEP – Individualized Education Program, written plan which sets forth a student’s present level of performance, goals, objectives, and services and timelines to meet the goals and objectives
  • IEPT – Individualized Education Program Team, a team including parents, teachers, administrators and service providers which writes and implements the Individualized Education Program
  • IFSP – Individualized Family Service Plan, written plan which sets forth a young child’s present level of performance, goals, and objectives, and services (including family support services) and timelines to meet the goals and objectives
  • IQ – Intelligence Quotient, a score resulting from one’s performance on an intelligence test
  • ISD – Intermediate School District, regional body which provides support and oversight to school districts and investigates compliance complaints

K

  • KABC – Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, intelligence test

L

  • LD – Learning Disability, disability which may qualify a student for special education services
  • LEA – Local Education Agency
  • LRE – Least Restrictive Environment, concept requiring schools educate students with disabilities inthe same meeting with other students when possible

M

  • MiCI – Mild Cognitive Impairment, a disability which may qualify a student for special education services
  • MoCI – Moderate Cognitive Impairment, a disability which may qualify a student for special education services
  • MCL – Michigan Compiled Laws, state statutes
  • MDOE or MDE – Michigan Department of Education, state agency responsible for implementing Federal and state special education laws
  • MEAP – Michigan Educational Assessment Program, statewide educational achievement test offered to all students
  • MET – Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team, team including parents and experts that writes an assessment plan and conducts assessments
  • MME – Michigan Merit Exam
  • MMSEA – Michigan Mandatory Special Education Act, state law which requires school districts to serve students with disabilities
  • MPAS – Michigan Protection and Advocacy Service, Inc., private nonprofit corporation mandated by federal and state law to provide information and advocacy to people with disabilities
  • MPDCRA- Michigan Persons with Disabilities Civil Rights Act

N

  • NCLB- “No Child Left Behind”, the popular name and Elementary and Secondary Education Act

O

  • OHI- Other Health Impairment, a disability which may qualify a student for special education services
  • OCR- Office of Civil Rights, federal agency that enforces Section 504
  • OSEP- Office of Special Education Programs, federal agency that oversees IDEA
  • OSERS- Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, federal agency that oversees special education and vocational rehabilitation services

P

  • PA-Public Act, new state as passed be the Legislature
  • PL- Public Law, new federal law as passed by Congress
  • PLAAFP- Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance
  • PAC- Parent Advisory Committee, district-wide advisory committee made up of parents who give input to school districts on special education
  • PBS- Positive Behavioral Supports, a behaviorally based approach that works to address challenging behaviors by using an ongoing assessment and intervention process to develop supportive environments for student learning
  • PI- Physical Impairment, disability which may effect educational performance, may qualify a student for special education services
  • PPVT-R-Peabody Vocabulary Test- Revised, specialized skill assessment

Q
R

  • RTI- Response to intervention

S

  • SEA- State Education Agency, Michigan Department of Education
  • SLI- Speech and Language Impairment, disability which may affect educational performance, may qualify a student for special education services
  • SCI-Sever Cognitive Impairment, disability which may affect educational performance, may qualify a student for special education services
  • SRSD- Single Record Student Database, used to report student information to the state
  • SXI-Severe Multiple Impairments, combinations of disability which may affect educational performance, may qualify for special education services

T

  • TBI-Traumatic Brain Injury, disability which may affect educational performance, may qualify a student for special education services
  • Title II- Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act
  • TONI-3- Current edition of the Test of nonverbal Inteligence, inteligence test

U

  • USC-United States Code, federal statues

V

  • VI- Visual Impairment, disability which may effect educational performance, may qualify a student for special education services

W

  • WAIS- Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, intelligence test
  • WISC IV- Most current edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, intelligence test
  • WPPSI= Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, intelligence test
  • WRAT- Wide-Range Achievement Test, achievement test

X
Y
Z

  • 504-Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act