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link to the about us pagelink to the glossarylink to background informationlink to contact informationlink to our correlating partners page
image of boy whispering in girl's ear with text saying S.P.E.A.K.S. Education, students, parents, educators alliance to know special educationLink to the home pageLink to the trainings we offerLink to the educational webinars pageLink to the state regulationsLink to our newsletter page
SPEAKS Education will provide a united
union where students, parents, and educators along with community/professional and consumers will support and provide Free Appropriate Public Education(FAPE) to children. FAPE allows all Special Education students (ages 0-26 in MI) to fulfill their education goals and be successful in doing so in the community. It is our goal to advocate for special needs children through teaching the educational rights and laws. SPEAKS Education provides trainings and
information and referrals to students,
parents, educators and community agencies. SPEAKS Education wishes to build a positive, working atmosphere and relationship for the best interest of the
student. SPEAKS also provides parent
mentors that are trained to work one on
one with the families so they can be educated to advocate for their own child.

Glossary

Over time the glossary may have changes made- things taken off or added to. We strive to make sure our information that is available to you is updated as the current laws, rights, and medical terms/procedures may change. If you have any questions or concerns please contact us. This glossary, as with the entire website,is specific to Michigan only (Unless noted).

 

A

 AAIDD- American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

ACB- American Council of the Blind

ADD-Administration on Development Disabilities

AED- Academy for Educational Development

AFB-American Foundation for the Blind

AFT-American Federation of Teachers

AG-Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing

ALLIANCE- Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers

AOTA- American Occupational Therapy Association

APTA- American Physical Therapy Association

ASDA- American Society of Deaf Children

ARC- (formerly Association for Retarded Citizens)

ASA-Autism Society of America

ASHA- American Speech-Language-Hearing-Association

ATA- Alliance for Technology Access

BIP- Behavior Intervention Plan, a plan to address inappropriate behavior

BSP- Behavior Support Plan, a plan to prevent inappropriate behavior by addressing its underlying causes and replacing them with appropriate behaviors 

CAT- Children's Appreciation Test- projective personality assessment

CFR- Code of Federal Regulations, rules that explain and implement Federal statues and have the force of law

CI- Cognitive Impairment, disability which may qualify a student for special education services

CMH- Community Mental Health, public agency which provides mental health services to eligible children and adults in Michigan

DB- Deaf-Blind, a disability which may qualify a student for special education services

DHS- Dept. of Human Services- state agency which provides social services, child protective services and health care services

DOE- Dept. of Education, state agency responsible for implementing Federal and Stage special education laws.

ECDD- Early Childhood Developmental Delay, a disability which may qualify a young child for special education

EI- Emotional Impairment, a disability which may affect educational performance, may qualify a student for special education services

ESEA- Elementary and Secondary Education Act, popularly known as "No Child Left Behind Act"

ESY- Extended School Year, educational program that extends beyond the regular school year (such as summer school)

FSIQ- Full Scale IQ (Intelligence Quotient), combined totals of subtest scores, such as Verbal Communication and Perceptual Reasoning

FAPE- Free Appropriate Public Education, the standard for special education services est by Federal Law which all schools must meet

FBA- Functional Behavior Assessment

FERPA- Federal Education Rights and Privacy Act, Federal law governing access to school records and privacy protections (Similar to HIPPA)

HH- Homebound and Hospitalized, educational services to students who can not attend school because of health limitations

HI- Hearing Impairment- disability which may affect educational performance. may qualify a student for special education services

IDEA, IDEA 2004, or IDEIA- Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. Federal law which requires states to provide special education and related services to students with specified disabilities

IEE- Individualized Educatonal Evaluation, evaluation by an expert chosen by a student or parent, sometimes paid for by a school district

IEP- Individualized Education Program, written plan which sets forth a student's present level of performance, goals, objectives, and services and timelines to meet the goals and objectives

IEPT- Individualized Education Program Team, a team including parents, teachers, administrators and service providers which writes and implements the Individualized Education Program

IFSP- Individualized Family Service Plan, written plan which sets forth a young child's present level of performance, goals, and objectives, and services (including family support services) and timelines to meet the goals and objectives

IQ- Intelligence Quotient, a score resulting from one's performance on an intelligence test

ISD- Intermediate School District, regional body which provides support and oversight to school districts and investigates compliance complaints

KABC- Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, intelligence test

LD- Learning Disability, disability which may qualify a student for special education services

LEA- Local Education Agency

LRE- Least Restrictive Environment, concept requiring schools educate students with disabilities inthe same meeting with other students when possible

MiCI- Mild Cognitive Impairment, a disability which may qualify a student for special education services

MoCI- Moderate Cognitive Impairment, a disability which may qualify a student for special education services

MCL- Michigan Compiled Laws, state statutes

MDOE or MDE- Michigan Department of Education, state agency responsible for implementing Federal and state special education laws

MEAP- Michigan Educational Assessment Program, statewide educational achievement test offered to all students

MET- Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team, team including parents and experts that writes an assessment plan and conducts assessments

MME- Michigan Merit Exam

MMSEA- Michigan Mandatory Special Education Act, state law which requires school districts to serve students with disabilities

MPAS- Michigan Protection and Advocacy Service, Inc., private nonprofit corporation mandated by federal and state law to provide information and advocacy to people with disabilities